Shanidar 1 at the Iraq Museum


Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
published on 21 March 2019
Shanidar 1 at the Iraq Museum Download Full Size Image

The skeletal remains of a Neanderthal corpse, which was found inside the Paleolithic cave of Shanidar, Erbil Governorate, Iraqi Kurdistan. If you zoom in the image on the right clavicular bone, someone wrote, using a blue pen, "Shanidar I". So, this is Shanidar 1, a 40 to 50-year-old Neanderthal male, known as "Nandy" to his excavators. He is old for a Neanderthal, equivalent to an 80-year-old man today. His left eye was partially or entirely blind because of a crushing trauma to the left eye socket. His skeleton has revealed many signs of trauma and healing. His skeleton was almost complete when he was found. He died 60,000 to 45,000 years BCE. Ten skeletons were found in Shanidar Cave by American archaeologist Ralph Solecki; eight Neanderthals and two pre-Neanderthals. This skeleton is on display in case number one, the Pre-History Gallery, Iraq Museum, Baghdad, Iraq.

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About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Amin, O. S. M. (2019, March 21). Shanidar 1 at the Iraq Museum. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Shanidar 1 at the Iraq Museum." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified March 21, 2019.

MLA Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Shanidar 1 at the Iraq Museum." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 21 Mar 2019. Web. 24 May 2024.