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Basalt Column from Umm Qais


Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
published on 15 February 2019
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This column was shaped in the Classical Ionic Order; a characteristic capital with volutes. The detailed carving of this capital was not finished off. This may be due, in part, to the difficulty of carving accurate details in the local rough basalt of northern Jordan. Another factor could have been the need to quickly produce large numbers of columns, for example for the main street in Gadara (which was later renovated in the Corinthian order). Roman period, 1st century CE. From Umm Qais, Gadara, northern Jordan. (The Jordan Museum, Amman, Jordan).

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About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Amin, O. S. M. (2019, February 15). Basalt Column from Umm Qais. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Basalt Column from Umm Qais." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified February 15, 2019.

MLA Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Basalt Column from Umm Qais." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 15 Feb 2019. Web. 14 Apr 2021.

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