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Statue of Ramesses II
Imageby Jade Koekoe

Statue of Ramesses II

This granite statue of Ramesses II was discovered at the Temple of Khnum, Elephantine, Egypt (1280 BCE). Ramesses II was a very successful ruler between around 1279-1213 BCE. Here he holds a crook and flail and wears a double crown, symbolising...
Third Intermediate Period of Egypt
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Third Intermediate Period of Egypt

The Third Intermediate Period (c. 1069-525 BCE) is the era following the New Kingdom of Egypt (c. 1570-c.1069 BCE) and preceding the Late Period (c.525-332 BCE). Egyptian history was divided into eras of 'kingdoms' and 'intermediate periods'...
Xois
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Xois

Xois (as the Greeks called it) was a vast ancient city located on a marshy island in the center of the Nile Delta of Egypt, modern-day Sakha. It was founded c. 3414-3100 BCE and was continuously inhabited until the rise of Christianity c...
Palm-leaf Column of Ramesses II from Herakleopolis
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Palm-leaf Column of Ramesses II from Herakleopolis

This column is from a temple primarily dedicated to he dam god Heryshef of Herakleopolis. Ramesses II is twice shown making offerings to a local form of Osiris. The god wears his typical feather crown but is in a kilt not his usual mummy...
Statue of King Ramesses IV
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Statue of King Ramesses IV

The statue shows the king offering pots of water or wine. Based on parallel statues, large parts have been restored in modern times, including the hands, posts, and knees. Cartouches enclosing Ramesses' birth and throne names appear on his...
Shabti of Ramesses VI
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Shabti of Ramesses VI

This is a wooden shabti (ushabti) of the Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses VI. New Kingdom, 20th Dynasty, reign of Ramesses VI, 1143-1136 BCE. From the tomb of Ramesses VI in the Valley of the Kings at Thebes, modern-day Egypt. (The British Museum...
The Battle of Kadesh: Ancient Egypt vs. The Hittites
Videoby Kelly Macquire

The Battle of Kadesh: Ancient Egypt vs. The Hittites

The Battle of Kadesh was waged between Ancient Egypt under the rule of Ramesses II (also known as Ramesses the Great), and the Hittite Empire under King Muwatalli II. According to Egyptian chronology, the battle was fought in 1274 BCE at...
Set and Horus Blessing Ramesses II
Imageby Dennis Jarvis

Set and Horus Blessing Ramesses II

Scene from the Temple of Hathor (Abu Simbel, Egypt), built during the reign of Ramesses II, c. 1264-1224 BCE. Set and Horus blessing Ramesses II.
Shabti of Ramesses II
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Shabti of Ramesses II

This wooden shabti (ushabti) of the Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses II was remodeled and reused as an Osiris figurine in the 21st Dynasty, 1070-945 BCE. New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty, reign of Ramesses II, 1297-1213 BCE. From Egypt, precise provenance...
Palm-leaf Column of Ramesses II, Piramesse
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Palm-leaf Column of Ramesses II, Piramesse

In Ramesses II's reign, this column stood in a temple at Piramesse, his capital in the Nile Delta. In the central horizontal band, the king's Horus name and cartouches are twice shown being blessed by Seth, the god of chaos, who ranked among...