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Silver Tetradrachm Portraying Antony and Cleopatra
Imageby Sailko

Silver Tetradrachm Portraying Antony and Cleopatra

This silver tetradrachm portrays the Ptolemaic queen Cleopatra VII on one side, and the Roman triumvir Mark Antony on the other (1st century BCE). Cleopatra's profile has been made to resemble the features of her husband Mark Antony in the...
Mural of Cleopatra and Caesarion as Venus and Cupid
Imageby Unknown Artist

Mural of Cleopatra and Caesarion as Venus and Cupid

This mid-1st Century BCE mural portrays a statue of Venus and the infant Cupid in the Temple of Venus Genitrix, Rome. The statue has been identified as the infamous gilded statue of Cleopatra VII as Venus that Julius Caesar unveiled during...
Cleopatra in Ancient Portraiture
Imageby Branko van Oppen

Cleopatra in Ancient Portraiture

Ancient portraits of Cleopatra depict her assertive, but certainly not unattractive features. The wide royal headband (diadēma) and traditional wavy coiffure express her sovereignty based on her Lagid descent. Silver tetradrachm struck...
Cleopatra's Portraiture
Imageby Branko van Oppen

Cleopatra's Portraiture

Coin portraits in particular show how Cleopatra wanted to be presented. Though varied in their facial features, her portraits emphasize her position of power as Ptolemaic queen. Sculptural portrait attributed to Cleopatra (Gregorian Profane...
Cleopatra's Children
Videoby The History Guy: History Deserves to Be Remembered

Cleopatra's Children

Cleopatra VII, one of the last Egyptian queens of the line of Ptolemy, is one of history's most famous people, and yet her children by Julius Caesar and Marc Antony, and their fate, are nearly forgotten. This is original content based...
Cleopatra's Nose, Blaise Pascal
Imageby Branko van Oppen

Cleopatra's Nose, Blaise Pascal

“The nose of Cleopatra: if it had been shorter, the whole face of the earth would have changed” ~ Blaise Pascal, Pensées 162. On the basis of portrait coins struck by Cleopatra, philosophers such as Blaise Pascal (1623-1662 CE) assumed...
Elizabeth Taylor as Cleopatra VII
Imageby 20th Century Fox

Elizabeth Taylor as Cleopatra VII

The iconic cinematic performance of Elizabeth Taylor in the motion picture Cleopatra (1963) left a lasting impression of the Egyptian queen’s supposed beauty. Despite its emphatic opulence, the movie still implies that Cleopatra could only...
Second Triumvirate
Definitionby Donald L. Wasson

Second Triumvirate

The Second Triumvirate was a political association of convenience between three of Rome's most powerful figures: Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian in the 1st century BCE. Following the assassination of Julius Caesar the three vowed revenge...
Olympias
Definitionby Donald L. Wasson

Olympias

Alexander the Great owed much to the influence of his parents: from his father, Philip II, he learned the art of warfare, but by far the most influential person in his life was his mother, Olympias. From her he inherited not only his love...
Juba II & Cleopatra Selene II
Imageby Roma Numismatics, Ltd

Juba II & Cleopatra Selene II

Coin of Juba II (r. 29 BCE - 23 CE) and Cleopatra Selene II (c. 40 BCE - 5 BCE). Obverse: Diademed Juba II with the legend "Rex Iuba" (Latin, "King Juba"). Reverse: Draped and diademed Cleopatra Selene II with legend "Basilissa Kleopatra"...