Digging History 7: The Architecture and Engineering of Rome
The Romans began building with local materials, wood, clay, and tuff (see Episode 3 for local materials and geology of the city). There are many sources from antiquity, but a good place to start is with the writings of Vitruvius (on architecture...
Roman baths were designed for bathing and relaxing and were a common feature of cities throughout the Roman empire. Baths included a wide diversity of rooms with different temperatures, as well as swimming pools and places to read, relax...
Sicilian Temples (Greek Metrology)
Characteristics of Sicilian Archaic Temples The large dimensions of the components, the presence of a propteron, an adyton, and other specific elements of the plan and elevation speak for an originally very autonomous development of...
In antiquity, aqueducts transported water from one place to another, achieving a regular and controlled supply to a place that would not otherwise have received sufficient quantities. Consequently, aqueducts met basic needs such as the irrigation...
The column was an architectural invention which allowed for the support of ceilings without the use of solid walls, thereby increasing the space which could be spanned by a ceiling, allowing the entrance of light and offering an alternative...
A pyramid is a structure or monument, usually with a quadrilateral base, which rises to a triangular point. In the popular imagination, pyramids are the three lonely structures on the Giza plateau at the edge of the Sahara Desert but there...
Reconstruction of Seven Ancient Archaeological Sites
This gallery includes seven digital reconstructions of ancient monuments around the world, from Rome to and Mexico. They depict what these monuments may have looked like when they are created, by overlaying digital images on top of the existing...
This video briefly explains the various forms of Etruscan architecture and how it later influenced Roman architecture.
Features of Hindu Architecture
A diagram illustrating the principal features of Hindu temples. This example is the Kandariya Mahadeo temple at Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh, India, c. 1025 CE.
Uxmal, in north-west Yucatán, Mexico, was an important Maya city which flourished between the 6th and 10th centuries CE. The city, following an extensive restoration programme, is the best preserved of all Maya sites, and it possesses...