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Tetradrachm of Mithridates II
Imageby Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Tetradrachm of Mithridates II

Silver Tetradrachm of Mithridates II of Parthia (r. 124-91 BCE). Seleukia-on-the-Tigris, Babylonia. Parthian Empire. c. 123–88 BCE. (Courtesy of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston)
Vologases I
Imageby The British Museum

Vologases I

Parthian coin depicting Vologases I of Parthia. Minted in Ecbatana between 51-78 CE, it weighs approximately 3.7 grams and measures 19 millimeters in diameter. (British Museum, London)
The Parthian - Ancient Rome Live
Videoby American Institute for Roman Culture

The Parthian - Ancient Rome Live

The Parthian (from Parthia, whose empire essentially substituted the earlier Persian Empire from 247 BCE- 224 CE), in Roman art is depicted to show the Roman foe from Parthia in a submissive light, kneeling or with hands held together...
The Propaganda of Octavian and Mark Antony's Civil War
Articleby Jesse Sifuentes

The Propaganda of Octavian and Mark Antony's Civil War

Propaganda played an important role in Octavian (l. 63 BCE - 14 CE) and Mark Antony's (l. 83 – 30 BCE) civil war, and once victorious at the Battle of Actium (31 BCE), Octavian returned home to become the first Roman emperor. The decade...
Battle of Actium
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Battle of Actium

The Battle of Actium (2 September 31 BCE, fought in the Ionian Sea off Actium, Greece) was the decisive engagement of the civil war fought between Octavian Caesar (l. 63-14 CE, later known as Augustus, r. 27 BCE - 14 CE) and the forces of...
Caesarion
Definitionby Arienne King

Caesarion

Ptolemy XV Caesar “Theos Philopator Philometor” (“the Father-loving Mother-loving God”) (c. 47-30 BCE), better known by his unofficial nickname Caesarion or “Little Caesar” in Greek, was the oldest son of Cleopatra VII (69-30 BCE) and was...
Scythian Warfare
Definitionby Patrick Scott Smith, M. A.

Scythian Warfare

Scythian warfare used state-of-the-art recurve bows and hit-and-run tactics against set infantry formations. Working from nimble horses, Scythian warriors could unleash a cloud of lethal arrows. Known, too, for their innovative use of scale...
Ardashir I
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ardashir I

Ardashir I (l. c. 180-241 CE, r. 224-240 CE) was the founder of the Persian Sassanian Empire (224-651 CE) and father of the great Sassanian king Shapur I (r. 240-270 CE). He is also known as Ardashir I Babakan, Ardeshir I, Ardashir the Unifier...
Legio I Adiutrix
Definitionby Donald L. Wasson

Legio I Adiutrix

Legio I Adiutrix was a legion of the Roman army formed from veteran sailors after the death of Roman emperor Nero (r. 54-68 CE). During its long career, the legion accompanied Trajan (r. 98-117 CE) on his Dacian and Parthian campaigns, fought...
Map Roman-Parthian War, 58-60 CE
Imageby Cplakidas

Map Roman-Parthian War, 58-60 CE

Map of the troop movements during the first two years of the Roman-Parthian War over Armenia (58 to 63 CE), detailing the Roman offensive into Armenia and capture of the country by Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo.
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