Tetradrachm of Mithridates II
Silver Tetradrachm of Mithridates II of Parthia (r. 124-91 BCE). Seleukia-on-the-Tigris, Babylonia. Parthian Empire. c. 123–88 BCE. (Courtesy of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston)
Parthian coin depicting Vologases I of Parthia. Minted in Ecbatana between 51-78 CE, it weighs approximately 3.7 grams and measures 19 millimeters in diameter. (British Museum, London)
The Parthian - Ancient Rome Live
The Parthian (from Parthia, whose empire essentially substituted the earlier Persian Empire from 247 BCE- 224 CE), in Roman art is depicted to show the Roman foe from Parthia in a submissive light, kneeling or with hands held together...
The Propaganda of Octavian and Mark Antony's Civil War
Propaganda played an important role in Octavian (l. 63 BCE - 14 CE) and Mark Antony's (l. 83 – 30 BCE) civil war, and once victorious at the Battle of Actium (31 BCE), Octavian returned home to become the first Roman emperor. The decade...
Battle of Actium
The Battle of Actium (2 September 31 BCE, fought in the Ionian Sea off Actium, Greece) was the decisive engagement of the civil war fought between Octavian Caesar (l. 63-14 CE, later known as Augustus, r. 27 BCE - 14 CE) and the forces of...
Ptolemy XV Caesar “Theos Philopator Philometor” (“the Father-loving Mother-loving God”) (c. 47-30 BCE), better known by his unofficial nickname Caesarion or “Little Caesar” in Greek, was the oldest son of Cleopatra VII (69-30 BCE) and was...
Scythian warfare used state-of-the-art recurve bows and hit-and-run tactics against set infantry formations. Working from nimble horses, Scythian warriors could unleash a cloud of lethal arrows. Known, too, for their innovative use of scale...
Ardashir I (l. c. 180-241 CE, r. 224-240 CE) was the founder of the Persian Sassanian Empire (224-651 CE) and father of the great Sassanian king Shapur I (r. 240-270 CE). He is also known as Ardashir I Babakan, Ardeshir I, Ardashir the Unifier...
Legio I Adiutrix
Legio I Adiutrix was a legion of the Roman army formed from veteran sailors after the death of Roman emperor Nero (r. 54-68 CE). During its long career, the legion accompanied Trajan (r. 98-117 CE) on his Dacian and Parthian campaigns, fought...
Map Roman-Parthian War, 58-60 CE
Map of the troop movements during the first two years of the Roman-Parthian War over Armenia (58 to 63 CE), detailing the Roman offensive into Armenia and capture of the country by Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo.