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The Battle of Philippi 42 BCE
Articleby Mark Cartwright

The Battle of Philippi 42 BCE

The Battle of Philippi in 42 BCE was an all-Roman affair fought between the young Octavian, chosen heir of Julius Caesar, and the mercurial Mark Antony, widely regarded as the greatest living Roman general on the one side against Brutus and...
John the Baptist
Definitionby Rebecca Denova

John the Baptist

John the Baptist (d. c. 30 CE) was a 1st-century CE itinerant preacher in Judea. We do not know his full name, but he is recognized by his activity. 'Baptizer' (Greek: baptizo) was translated directly into English and meant 'to immerse' or...
Legions of the Parthian Wars
Articleby Donald L. Wasson

Legions of the Parthian Wars

Parthia had always been a thorn in the side of the Roman Empire. The initial campaigns by Crassus and Mark Antony were total failures, and although Trajan and Syrian governor Cassius made some progress in the 2nd century CE, both failed to...
Halicarnassus
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Halicarnassus

Halicarnassus (modern Bodrum, Turkey) was an ancient Ionian Greek city of Caria, located on the Gulf of Cerameicus in Anatolia. According to tradition it was founded by Dorian Greeks of the Peloponnese. The most famous of her sons, the historian...
Battles of the Roman Republic
Collectionby Mark Cartwright

Battles of the Roman Republic

In this collection we look at some of the most significant battles that shaped the history of the Roman Republic. There were defeats such as at Allia River to the Celts in 390 BCE or at Cannae in 216 BCE when the Carthaginians led by Hannibal...
Judas Iscariot
Definitionby Rebecca Denova

Judas Iscariot

Judas Iscariot was one of the original disciples of Jesus of Nazareth (d. c. 30 CE), one of the twelve apostles. For handing Jesus over to the authorities, as described in the gospels, he has become the epitome of the act of betrayal in the...
Saint Peter
Definitionby Rebecca Denova

Saint Peter

Saint Peter the Apostle was a well-known figure in early Christianity. In Christian tradition, he is often depicted as the first on many occasions: the first to be called by Jesus, the first who recognized Jesus as 'the Christ', the first...
The Trial & Crucifixion of Jesus of Nazareth
Articleby Rebecca Denova

The Trial & Crucifixion of Jesus of Nazareth

The central pillars of Christianity originate from the story of the trial, crucifixion, and death of Jesus Christ. The events cover the time when Jesus of Nazareth and his followers entered Jerusalem for the festival of Passover to Sunday...
The Life of Jesus of Nazareth in the Gospels
Articleby Rebecca Denova

The Life of Jesus of Nazareth in the Gospels

The only sources for the life of Jesus of Nazareth are in the canonical gospels (or the gospels that were included in the authorised version of the New Testament). We have no contemporary, eyewitness testimony from the time that he lived...
Mark, Karen, Joshua & James
Imageby Jan van der Crabben

Mark, Karen, Joshua & James

From left to right: Mark Cartwright, Karen Barrett-Wilt, Joshua Mark, James Blake Wiener. Pictured in Wicklow, Ireland, 2015.