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Roman Mosaics
Article by Mark Cartwright

Roman Mosaics

Roman mosaics were a common feature of private homes and public buildings across the empire from Africa to Antioch. Not only are mosaics beautiful works of art in themselves but they are also an invaluable record of such everyday items as...
Hephaestion
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Hephaestion

Hephaestion was a member of Alexander the Great's personal bodyguard and the Macedonian king's closest and lifelong friend and advisor. So much so, Hephaestion's death would bring the young king to tears. From 334 to 323 BCE Alexander the...
Alexander the Great as a God
Article by Donald L. Wasson

Alexander the Great as a God

The age-old concept of the “divine right of kings” allowed that a country's ruler received his or her power or authority from God. However, few, if any, were delusional enough to actually believe themselves to be a god. An exception to this...
The Battle of Gaugamela, 331 BCE
Article by Grant

The Battle of Gaugamela, 331 BCE

After securing the eastern Mediterranean seaboard and Egypt, Alexander the Great pushed east into Mesopotamia with the intention of bringing Darius to battle. After crossing the Euphrates River unopposed, he marched his army eastward along...
Warfare
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Warfare

Warfare is generally understood to be the controlled and systematic waging of armed conflict between sovereign nations or states, using military might and strategy, until one opponent is defeated on the field or sues for peace in the face...
Alexander the Great and Hellenization in the 4th Century BCE
Video by Ancient History Encyclopedia

Alexander the Great and Hellenization in the 4th Century BCE

Alexander the Great was the son of Philip II of Macedon and the man who started the hellenistic era during the 4th century BCE. After inheriting the Macedonian Empire when Philip II died, Alexander the Great extended it into the largest empire...
Alexander the Great & Bucephalus Mosaic
Image by Ruthven

Alexander the Great & Bucephalus Mosaic

Detail of the Alexander Mosaic, representing Alexander the Great on his horse Bucephalus, during the battle of Issus.
The Alexander Mosaic
Image by Carole Raddato

The Alexander Mosaic

The Alexander Mosaic, dating from circa 100 BCE, depicts the Battle of Issus (333 BCE) between Alexander the Great and Darius III of Persia. The mosaic adorned one of the exedras on the north side of the peristyle of the House of the Faun...
The Alexander Mosaic
Video by Ancient History Encyclopedia

The Alexander Mosaic

The Alexander Mosaic, dating from circa 100 BCE, depicts the Battle of Issus (333 BCE) between Alexander the Great and Darius III of Persia. It is one of the most spectacular and recognisable depictions of Alexander the Great and Darius III...
Septimius Severus
Definition by Patrick Hurley

Septimius Severus

Lucius Septimius Severus was Roman emperor from April 193 to February 211 CE. He was of Libyan descent from Lepcis Magna and came from a locally prominent Punic family who had a history of rising to senatorial as well as consular status...
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