Troy

Definition

Troy is the name of the Bronze Age city attacked in the Trojan War, a popular story in the mythology of ancient Greece, and the name given to the archaeological site in the north-west of Asia Minor (now Turkey) which has revealed a large and prosperous city occupied over millennia. There has been much scholarly debate as to whether mythical Troy actually existed and if so whether the archaeological site was the same city; however, it is now almost universally accepted that the archaeological excavations have revealed the city of Homer's Iliad. Other names for Troy include Hisarlik (Turkish), Ilios (Homer), Ilion (Greek) and Ilium (Roman). The archaeological site of Troy is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

More about: Troy

Timeline

  • 3000 BCE - 2550 BCE
    Troy I - First stone-walled village settlement
  • 2550 BCE - 2300 BCE
    Troy II - origin of gold 'treasure' found by Schliemann
  • 2300 BCE - 1750 BCE
    Troy III - Troy V
  • 1750 BCE - 1300 BCE
    Troy VI - probable Troy of Homer's Iliad. City at its zenith.
  • 1334 BCE
    Trojan War, according to Duris of Samos.
  • 1300 BCE - 950 BCE
    Troy VIIa - VIIb Notable decline in architectural and artisitic standards
  • c. 1250 BCE
    Trojan War, according to Herodotus.
  • 1184 BCE
    Trojan War, according to Eratosthenes.
  • c. 950 BCE - 550 CE
    Troy VIII Greek Ilion - Troy IX Roman Ilium
  • c. 800 BCE - c. 700 BCE
    Homer of Greece writes his Iliad and Odyssey.
  • c. 301 BCE - c. 320 BCE
    Doric temple to Athena and fortifications of Lysimachus built at Troy.
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