Syracuse Timeline

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  • 733 BCE
    Corinth founds the colony of Syracuse in Sicily.
  • 491 BCE - 478 BCE
    Gelon is tyrant of Syracuse.
  • 480 BCE
    Tyrant of Syracuse Gelon defeats the Carthaginians at the battle of Himera.
  • 478 BCE - 467 BCE
    Hiero I is tyrant of Syracuse.
  • 474 BCE
    An Etruscan fleet is defeated by the navy of Syracuse at the Battle of Cumae.
  • 415 BCE - 413 BCE
    Athenian expedition to attack Syracuse.
  • 405 BCE
    Dionysius becomes tyrant in Syracuse, Sicily.
  • c. 398 BCE - c. 380 BCE
    Plato travels in Egypt, Cyrene, Italy, Syracuse and Sicily.
  • 397 BCE
    Dionysius I of Syracuse employs wheeled seige towers and bolt throwers for the first time in Greek warfare at the seige of Motya.
  • 384 BCE
    Syracuse attacks the ports of the Etruscan city of Cerveteri.
  • 367 BCE
    Dionysius II becomes tyrant of Syracuse, Sicily.
  • 361 BCE - 360 BCE
    Plato's second trip to Syracuse.
  • 360 BCE
    Final attempt by Plato to make Syracusan king a philosopher-king.
  • 356 BCE
    Dion becomes tyrant of Syracuse.
  • 346 BCE
    Dionysius II is once again tyrant of Syracuse.
  • 344 BCE
    Corcyra contributes two ships to Timoleon's fleet which attacked Syracuse.
  • 344 BCE
    Timoleon defeats Dionysius II of Syracuse and establishes an oligarchy government.
  • c. 330 BCE
    Agathocles is exiled from Syracuse.
  • 319 BCE
    Agathocles of Syracuse declares himself strategos auotkrator.
  • 317 BCE
    Agathocles takes power in Syracuse.
  • 311 BCE
    A Carthaginian army defeats Agathocles of Syracuse near Gela, Sicily.
  • 310 BCE
    Agathocles of Syracuse lands an army of 14,000 in North Africa.
  • 309 BCE
    Syracuse defeats a Carthaginian army in Sicily and kills their general Hamilcar.
  • 309 BCE - 308 BCE
    Agathocles of Syracuse successfuly campaigns in North Africa defeating Carthaginian armies and taking Utica and Hippacra.
  • 307 BCE
    Syracusan tyrant Agathocles sacks the city of Segesta.
  • 307 BCE
    Carthage defeats the army of Agathocles of Syracuse led by Archagathus while Agathocles is in Sicily.
  • 306 BCE
    Agathocles declares himself king of Syracuse.
  • 306 BCE
    Carthage and Agathocles of Syracuse sign a peace treaty and divide Sicily between them.
  • 300 BCE
    Agathocles of Syracuse campaigns in Italy and captures Bruttium.
  • 295 BCE
    Agathocles of Syracuse captures Croton in southern Italy.
  • 289 BCE
    Agathocles of Syracuse dies from poison or illness.
  • 288 BCE
    Hicetus becomes tyrant of Syracuse.
  • 270 BCE - 215 BCE
    Hiero II is tyrant of Syracuse.
  • 214 BCE
    Syracuse joins the side of Carthage in the Second Punic War.
  • 213 BCE - 212 BCE
    Roman commander Marcus Claudius Marcellus lays seige to and ultimately sacks Syracuse.
  • 211 BCE
    Marcus Claudius Marcellus is given a triumph for his capture of Syracuse and victories in Sicily.
  • 201 BCE
    Syracuse joins the Roman Republic, province of Sicily is formed.
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