Science Timeline

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  • c. 1600 BCE
    Earliest Egyptian water clocks in use.
  • c. 647 BCE - c. 629 BCE
    Extensive collection of clay tablets acquired known as Ashurbanipal's Library at Nineveh.
  • 597 BCE
    Babylonian king Nebuchadnezar captures Jerusalem.
  • 28 May 585 BCE
    A battle between Media and Lydia broke off immediately as a result a total eclipse of the sun and the two armies made peace. The eclipse was successfully predicted by Thales of Miletus.
  • c. 450 BCE
    Parapegma star calendar invented in Greece by Meton and Euctemon.
  • c. 450 BCE
    First klepsydra - water timekeeping device - used in Athens.
  • 420 BCE
    Democritos develops an atomic theory of matter.
  • c. 310 BCE - c. 230 BCE
    Life of Greek astronomer and mathematician Aristarchus of Samos.
  • 287 BCE - 212 BCE
    Life of Archimedes, physician, mathematician and engineer.
  • c. 275 BCE
    Ctesibius invents first sophisticated multi-cogged water-clock.
  • 270 BCE
    Aristarchus of Samos proposes a heliocentric world view.
  • 190 BCE - 120 BCE
    Life of Hipparchus of Nicea, an ancient Greek mathematician, astronomer and geographer, regarded by many historians as a scientist of the highest quality and possibly the greatest astronomical genius among ancient Greeks.
  • c. 159 BCE
    First water-clock set up in Rome.
  • c. 110 BCE - c. 50 BCE
    Tower of The Winds by Andronicus constructed in Athens.
  • c. 50 BCE
    Antikythera instrument invented, an astronomical measuring device.
  • 100 CE
    The mathematician and astronomer Menelaus of Alexandria lived.
  • 1799 CE
    Alessandro Volta invents the first electric battery.
  • 1821 CE
    Michael Faraday discovers the principles of an electric motor.
  • 1859 CE
    Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, thereby introducing the Theory of Evolution.
  • 1869 CE
    The Periodic Table of Elements is proposed by Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev.