Phrygia was the name of an ancient Anatolian kingdom (12th-7th century BCE) and, following its demise, the term was then applied to the general geographical area it once covered in the western plateau of Asia Minor. With its capital at Gordium and a culture which curiously mixed Anatolian, Greek, and Near Eastern elements, one of the kingdom's most famous figures is the legendary King Midas, he who acquired the ability to turn all that he touched to gold, even his food. Following the collapse of the kingdom after attacks by the Cimmerians in the 7th century BCE, the region came under Lydian, Persian, Seleucid, and then Roman control.

More about: Phrygia


  • 1200 BCE
    Phrygians invade Anatolia and destroy the Hittite Empire.
  • c. 850 BCE
    Gordium becomes the capital of the Phrygians.
  • 738 BCE - c. 696 BCE
    Reign of King Mita of the Mushki (possibly the real King Midas).
  • 709 BCE
    Mita of the Mushki (possibly King Midas) allies with King Sargon II of Assyria.
  • 696 BCE
    Gordium is sacked by the Cimmerians.
  • c. 625 BCE
    Lydia drives back the Cimmerians and conquers Phrygia.
  • 547 BCE
    Phrygia becomes a Satrapy of the Persian empire.
  • 286 CE
    Theodosius I settles Visigoths in Phrygia.