Knossos (pronounced Kuh-nuh-SOS) is the ancient Minoan palace and surrounding city on the island of Crete, sung of by Homer in his Odyssey: “Among their cities is the great city of Cnosus, where Minos reigned when nine years old, he that held converse with great Zeus.” King Minos, famous for his wisdom and, later, one of the three judges of the dead in the underworld, would give his name to the people of Knossos and, by extension, the ancient civilization of Crete: Minoan. The settlement was established well before 2000 BCE and was destroyed, most likely by fire (though some claim a tsunami) c. 1700 BCE. Knossos has been identified with Plato's mythical Atlantis from his dialogues of the Timaeus and Critias and is also known in myth most famously through the story of Theseus and the Minotaur. It should be noted that King Minos' character in the story, as the king who demands human sacrifice from Athens, is at odds with other accounts of him as a king of wisdom and justice who, further, built the first navy and rid the Aegean sea of pirates.

More about: Knossos


  • 1900 BCE
    First Minoan palace at Knossos.
  • 1700 BCE
    Second Palace of Knossos on Crete.
  • 1650 BCE - 1550 BCE
    Knossos survives Thera eruption.
  • c. 1450 BCE
    Mycenaen influence extended to Knossos, Crete.
  • c. 220 BCE
    Gortyn allies with Knossos to defeat Lyttos on Crete.