Elam Timeline

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  • c. 4200 BCE
    Founding of the city of Susa.
  • c. 3200 BCE - c. 2700 BCE
    Proto-Elamite period.
  • c. 2700 BCE - c. 1600 BCE
    Old Elamite period.
  • 2700 BCE
    First war in recorded history between Elam and Sumer; Sumer wins.
  • c. 1750 BCE
    Elam conquers Ur.
  • c. 1500 BCE - c. 1100 BCE
    Middle Elamite period.
  • c. 1275 BCE - 1240 BCE
    Reign of the Elamite king Untash-Napirisha; Construction of the great temple complex of Dur-Untash (Chogha Zanbil).
  • 1184 BCE - 1155 BCE
    Reign of the Elamite king Shutruk-Nakhkunte who establishes the Elamite Empire.
  • c. 1100 BCE - c. 539 BCE
    Neo-Elamite period.
  • 648 BCE
    War between Assyria and the Elamites.
  • c. 646 BCE
    Destruction of the Elamite city of Susa by Ashurbanipal of the Neo-Assyrian Empire
  • c. 539 BCE
    Elam is absorbed into the Achaemenid Empire under Cyrus the Great.
  • 187 BCE - 224 CE
    Elamite culture is continued by the Elamite nation-state of Elymais until it is absorbed by the Persian Sassanian Empire.
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