Croesus (r. 560-546 BCE) was the King of Lydia, a region in western Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey) and was so wealthy that the expression "as rich as Croesus" originates in reference to him. Best known for his wealth, he is also famous for misinterpreting the message from the Oracle at Delphi, leading to his downfall.

More about: Croesus


  • c. 700 BCE - 546 BCE
    The Mermnad dynasty rules Lydia.
  • c. 595 BCE
    Birth of Croesus.
  • 560 BCE - 546 BCE
    Reign of Croesus of Lydia.
  • c. 560 BCE
    Croesus of Lydia first manufactures coins of solid gold.