Yazdegerd III

Definition

Yazdegerd III (r. 632-651) was the last monarch of the Sassanian Empire (224-651), ruling – or attempting to rule – amidst the chaos of its final decline and fall to the invading Muslim Arabs. He was the son of the prince Shahriyar (d. 628) and grandson of Kosrau II (r. 590-628).

More about: Yazdegerd III

Timeline

  • 602 - 628
    Kosrau II's wars with Byzantine Empire which weakened the Sassanian Empire and led to civil war.
  • 628 - 632
    Civil war among Sassanian political factions further weakens the empire.
  • 632 - 651
    Reign of Yazdegerd III, the last king of the Sasanian Empire.
  • 636
    Battle of al-Qadisiyya.
  • 642 - 651
    Yazdegerd III flees invading Muslim Arab forces while trying to mobilize troops to defend his realm.
  • 651
    Yazdegerd III assassinated; fall of the Sassanian Empire.
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