Timoleon (c. 411 - c. 337 BCE) was a Corinthian statesman and general who famously defeated the tyrant of Syracuse Dionysius II and an army of Carthage against the odds. Permanently settling on the island, he re-organized the governments of many Sicilian city-states by giving them political freedom and so set the foundations for a period of sustained prosperity thereafter. He is the subject of one of Plutarch's Lives biographies and ancient writers were remarkably consistent in their unstinting praise for Timoleon the tyrannt-slayer.

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