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Texcoco (aka Tezcoco or Tetzcoco), located near the eastern shores of Lake Texcoco in the Valley of Mexico, was the capital of the Acolhua people. It was a major power in the Aztec period and a member of the Triple Alliance along with Tenochtitlan and Tlacopan. Texcoco also produced one of Mesoamerica's most famous rulers, Netzahualcoyotl, who presided over a city which became a noted centre of culture and learning.

More about: Texcoco


  • 1100 - 1200
    The Valley of Mexico is first settled by migrating tribes (Chichimecs, Tepanecs, Mexica and Acolhua).
  • c. 1345 - 1521
    The Aztec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
  • 1418
    Texcoco is temporarily conquered by Mexica and Tepanec forces.
  • 1428
    The Triple Alliance is formed between Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan.
  • 1431
    Netzahualcoyotl officially becomes tlatoani or leader of Texcoco.
  • 1503
    The king of Texcoco, Netzahualpilli, participates in the coronation ceremony of the Aztec king Motecuhzoma II.
  • c. 1520
    Ixtlilxochitl, with the support of Cortés, becomes king of Texcoco.
  • 31 Dec 1520
    Hernán Cortés captures the city of Texcoco.
  • 1521
    Texcoco provides ships and men to aide the Spanish siege of Tenochtitlan.