Segesta

Definition

Segesta (or Egesta), located in the north-west corner of Sicily, was an important trading town from the 7th century BCE onwards. Situated on the strategically advantageous slopes of Mt. Barbaro, yet still close enough to the coast to support a trading port, Segesta established itself as the most important regional town of the Elymi people. Flourishing in the 5th century BCE, Segesta continued to hold important status as a trading centre into Hellenistic and Roman times. Today, the site has two of the best-preserved Classical monuments anywhere and they are impressive testimony of Segesta's one-time prosperity - a 5th century BCE Doric temple which, at least externally, is reasonably intact and an equally well-preserved 3rd-2nd century BCE theatre which provides its audience with a stunning view towards the nearby Gulf of Castellamare.

More about: Segesta

Timeline

  • 580 BCE - 576 BCE
    War between the Sicilian city-states of Segesta and Selinus.
  • 458 BCE
    A treaty of cooperation is signed between the Sicilian city-state of Segesta and Athens.
  • c. 417 BCE
    The Doric temple of Segesta is built.
  • 416 BCE
    War breaks out again between rival Sicilian city-states Segesta and Selinus.
  • 415 BCE
    Athens launches an expedition against Sicily, the pretext being protection of Segesta.
  • 405 BCE
    Segesta comes under Carthaginian control.
  • 307 BCE
    Syracusan tyrant Agathocles sacks the city of Segesta.
  • 263 BCE
    Segesta joins the Roman cause in the First Punic War.
  • 225 BCE
    Segesta is granted the status of civitas immunis et libera by Rome.
  • 210 BCE
    Segesta comes under Roman control.
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