Robert Clive

Definition

Robert Clive (1725-1774), also known as 'Clive of India' and Baron Clive of Plassey, masterminded the expansion of the East India Company in India. Best known for his victory at Plassey in Bengal in 1757, Clive's reputation suffered in his own lifetime from charges of corruption and subsequently as one of the main architects of British imperialism in India.

More about: Robert Clive

Timeline

  • 1725 - 1774
    Life of Robert Clive, Governor of Bengal for the East India Company.
  • 29 Sep 1725
    Robert Clive is born in Styche Hall in Shropshire, England.
  • Dec 1742
    Robert Clive joins the East India Company as a 'writer'.
  • 1749
    A young Robert Clive is involved in two attacks on French-held Tanjore.
  • Aug 1751 - Sep 1751
    Robert Clive leads the defence of Arcot for the East India Company.
  • Dec 1751
    Robert Clive wins a battle at Arni against forces of Chandra Sahib, the nizam of Hyderabad.
  • Feb 1752
    Robert Clive wins the battle at Kaveripak for the East India Company.
  • Jun 1752
    Robert Clive commands the artillery of the East India Company and helps capture Trichinopoly.
  • 1754
    Robert Clive is elected MP for Mitchell in Cornwall.
  • 1755
    Robert Clive returns to India as a lieutenant colonel in the East India Company.
  • Feb 1756
    Robert Clive captures the Gheria fortress for the East India Company.
  • Jan 1757
    Robert Clive recaptures Calcutta for the East India Company.
  • Mar 1757
    Robert Clive captures French-held Chandernagore for the East India Company.
  • 23 Jun 1757
    Robert Clive of the East India Company wins the Battle of Plessey against forces of the nawab of Bengal.
  • Feb 1758
    Robert Clive is made Governor of Bengal by the East India Company.
  • 1761
    Robert Clive is elected MP for Shrewsbury.
  • Mar 1762
    Robert Clive is awarded an Irish peerage and henceforth is known as Lord Clive or Baron Clive of Plassey.
  • 1764
    Robert Clive is appointed Governor of Bengal for a second time by the East India Company.
  • 1765
    Robert Clive initiates reforms in the East india Company reducing corruption and salaries.
  • 12 Aug 1765
    The Mughal emperor Shah Alam II awards the East India company the right to collect land revenue (dewani) in Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa.
  • 1768
    Robert Clive is elected MP for Shrewsbury for a second time.
  • 1773
    The British Parliament investigates the financial afffairs of Robert Clive but finds no wrong-doing.
  • 22 Nov 1774
    Robert Clive dies in his home in London, rumours abound that it was suicide.
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