Tamar of Georgia

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Definition

Tamar was the queen of Georgia from 1184 to 1213 CE. She is considered one of the greatest of medieval Georgia's monarchs, and she presided over its greatest territorial expansion, taking advantage of the decline of other major powers in the region. Tamar was the first female monarch of Georgia, and despite initial resistance to a female ruler, her sex helped craft her legacy as Georgia's great medieval queen.

More about: Tamar of Georgia

Timeline

  • 1178
    Tamar is crowned queen of Georgia by her father, George III of Georgia (Giorgi III).
  • 1184 - 1213
    Reign of Queen Tamar over the Kingdom of Georgia.
  • 1184
    Tamar becomes sole monarch of Georgia.
  • 1185
    Tamar calls a church synod to try and overthrow Catholicos Mikel Marianisdze.
  • 1188
    Tamar’s marriage with Yuri Andreevich Bogolyubsky is annulled.
  • 1192
    Tamar gives birth to the future George IV of Georgia (Giorgi IV).
  • 1193
    The Georgian army defeats Yuri Andreevich Bogolyubsky, the ex-husband of Tamar, for good.
  • 1195
    Georgian forces under David Soslan defeat the combined Muslim armies at the Battle of Shamkor.
  • 1202
    Georgian forces under David Soslan defeat the Seljuk army at the Battle of Basiani.
  • 1204
    Empire of Trebizond is founded by Alexios I Megas Komnenos and his brother David, with help from their aunt, Queen Tamar of Georgia.
  • 1206
    Georgian forces under Tamar occupy the Armenian cities Erzurum and Kars.
  • 1207
    Tamar of Georgia’s husband, David Soslan, dies.
  • 1209
    The Sultan of Ardabil sacks the Georgian-held Armenian city of Ani.
  • 1213
    Queen Tamar of Georgia dies.
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