Knap of Howar

Definition

The Knap of Howar is a Neolithic site on the island of Papa Westray in Orkney, Scotland. The name is Old Norse for `mound of mounds' or `large barrow'. The building preserved at the site is considered the oldest stone house in northern Europe and is dated to 3700-3500 BCE. The site consists of two structures, commonly referred to as `the farmstead', built through dry stone construction with an adjoining passageway between them. Based upon archaeological excavations, it is thought that these structures were built on top of a much older site and formed the centre of a farming establishment.

More about: Knap of Howar

Timeline

  • c. 3700 BCE - c. 2800 BCE
    Neolithic farmstead the Knap of Howar inhabited on Papa Westray, Orkney.
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