Kharosthi Script


The Kharosthi script (also known as 'Indo-Bactrian' script) was a writing system originally developed in present-day northern Pakistan, sometime between the 4th and 3rd century BCE. Kharosthi was employed to represent a form of Prakrit (Middle Indic), an Indo-Aryan language. It had a wide but irregular distribution along northern Pakistan, eastern Afghanistan, northwest India, and Central Asia.

More about: Kharosthi Script


  • c. 1500 BCE - c. 500 CE
    The Gandhara Civilization flourishes in what is today the northern portion of Pakistan and Afghanistan.
  • 530 BCE
    Persia conquers the Indus Valley.
  • 268 BCE - 232 BCE
    Reign of Ashoka the Great, third ruler of the Mauryan Empire.
  • c. 250 BCE
    Earliest recognizable examples of Kharosthi inscriptions at Gandhara.
  • c. 350 CE
    Demise of the Kharosthi script.