Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

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Definition

The 13 April 1919 Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (aka Amritsar Massacre) was an infamous episode of brutality which saw General Dyer order his troops to open fire on an unarmed crowd of men, women, and children trapped in an abandoned walled garden during a Sikh festival. At least 379 people died, and over 1,500 were injured in the massacre.

More about: Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

Timeline

  • Mar 1919
    The Rowlatt Acts impose restrictions on civil liberties in India.
  • 10 Apr 1919
    Riots in Amritsar involve the murder of five British men and British control of the town is lost.
  • 13 Apr 1919
    The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre when the British General Dyer orders the shooting of unarmed civilians in Amritsar.
  • Nov 1919
    The Hunter Committee conducts a public hearing into the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre and wider riots in the Punjab.
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