Herod the Great

Definition

Herod I, or Herod the Great (c. 75 – 4 BCE), was the king of Judea who ruled as a client of Rome. He has gained lasting infamy as the 'slaughterer of the innocents' as recounted in the New Testament's book of Mathew. Herod was, though, a gifted administrator, and in his 33-year reign, he was responsible for many major building works which included a rebuilding of the Temple of Jerusalem, several aqueducts, and the massive fortress known as the Herodium. Historians have re-assessed his long-held negative reputation and now credit his reign as having had at least some positive effects on Jews and Judaism in his kingdom.

More about: Herod the Great

Timeline

  • 37 BCE - 4 BCE
    Reign of Herod the Great over Judea.
  • 37 BCE
    Herod the Great is made governor of Galilee.
  • 37 BCE
    Herod the Great retakes Jerusalem from the Parthians.
  • 29 BCE
    Herod the Great executes his wife Mariamme on grounds of being unfaithful.
  • 23 BCE - 20 BCE
    Herod the Great conquers areas north of Galilee.
  • c. 15 BCE
    Herod the Great completes construction of his massive fortress and future mausoleum the Herodium.
  • 9 BCE
    Herod the Great wages war against Nabataea.
  • c. 6 BCE - c. 30 CE
    Life of Jesus Christ.
  • 4 BCE
    Herod the Great, suspicious of rival factions, executes his son Antipater.
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