Gustav Mahler


Gustav Mahler (1860-1911) was an Austrian-Bohemian composer best known for his song-cycles and his grand, sweeping symphonies, which often require expanded orchestras for their full performance. Mahler, a composer of Late-Romantic music and conductor at such prestigious institutions as the Vienna State Opera and the Metropolitan Opera House in New York, died in Vienna, aged just 50.

More about: Gustav Mahler


  • 1860 - 1911
    The life of the Bohemian-Austrian composer Gustav Mahler.
  • 7 Jul 1860
    Gustav Mahler is born in Kalište in Bohemia.
  • 1870
    Gustav Mahler gives his first public piano recital.
  • 1871 - 1872
    Gustav Mahler attends a boarding school in Prague.
  • 1875 - 1878
    Gustav Mahler studies at the Vienna Conservatory.
  • 1883
    Gustav Mahler, now established as a conductor, moves to Kassel in Germany.
  • 1883
    Gustav Mahler composes his Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen.
  • 1885
    Gustav Mahler lives in Prague for one year.
  • 1886
    Gustav Mahler moves to Leipzig and completes the Carl Maria von Weber opera Die drei Pintos.
  • 1888
    Gustav Mahler is appointed the conductor at the Royal Opera in Budapest.
  • 1889
    The premiere of Gustav Mahler’s First Symphony.
  • 1891
    Gustav Mahler conducts Tristan und Isolde in Hamburg.
  • 1892
    Gustav Mahler conducts at London's Covent Garden.
  • 1895
    The premiere of Gustav Mahler's Second Symphony, with Mahler conducting, in Berlin.
  • 1897
    Gustav Mahler is appointed the director of the Vienna State Opera.
  • 1898 - 1901
    Gustav Mahler is the conductor of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra.
  • 1902
    Gustav Mahler marries Alma Schindler.
  • 1907
    Gustav Mahler's daughter dies of scarlet fever, he resigns from the Vienna State Opera, and he is diagnosed with a serious heart complaint.
  • 1907
    Gustav Maher is appointed the conductor of the Metropolitan Opera House in New York.
  • 1909 - 1910
    Gustav Mahler is the conductor of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra.
  • 1909
    Gustav Mahler composes Das Lied von der Erde ('The Song of the Earth').
  • 1910
    Gustav Mahler conducts the premiere of his Eighth Symphony in Munich.
  • 18 May 1911
    Gustav Mahler dies in Vienna.