Great Northern War

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The Great Northern War took place from 1700 to 1721 and was fought between Russia and Sweden during the reign of Peter I of Russia (Peter the Great). One of the key causes of the war was Peter the Great’s desire to have territory on the Baltic Sea and to gain access to the Black Sea.

More about: Great Northern War


  • 1697
    Charles XII of Sweden is crowned king of Sweden.
  • 1698
    Peter the Great and Augustus, the Elector of Saxony and King of Poland meet and make plans for taking Riga.
  • 1698
    Johann Patkul meets with Augustus and an anti-Swedish alliance is formed.
  • 1700 - 1721
    The Great Northern War between Russia and Sweden.
  • 1700
    Russia's peace treaty with the Ottoman Empire is finalised.
  • 1700
    Russia declares war on Sweden.
  • 1700
    The Russians are defeated by Sweden at the Siege of Narva.
  • 1701
    Peter and Augustus meet for negotiations and agree to continue the war against Sweden.
  • 1702
    The Russians capture Narva.
  • 1702
    The Russians capture Nöteborg Fortress.
  • Jan 1702
    Russia wins their first great victory at Erestfer in eastern Livonia.
  • Jun 1702
    The Russians attack Swedish ships on Lake Ladoga.
  • Sep 1702
    The Swedish leave Lake Ladoga.
  • 1703
    The Russians establish a coastline along the Neva River.
  • Jul 1704
    The fortress town of Dorpat (in modern-day Estonia) is captured by the Russians.
  • Aug 1704
    The Russians take Narva.
  • 8 Jul 1709 - 1709
    The Russians defeat Sweden at the Battle of Poltava.
  • 1718 - 1721
    Attempts at peace between Russia and Sweden are made.
  • 1718
    King Charles XII of Sweden dies.
  • 30 Aug 1721
    The Treaty of Nystadt is signed by Russia and Sweden, marking an end to the Great Northern War.
  • 22 Oct 1721
    The Holy Synod and the Senate request that Peter take the title of Russian Emperor and ‘Peter the Great.’