First Fitna Timeline

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  • 656 - 661
    Ali ibn Abi Talib succeeds Uthman to become the fourth and final caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
  • 656 - 661
    The murder of Caliph Uthman causes the eruption of the First Fitna (civil war). Muawiya surfaces as a major opposer of the Rashidun Caliphate.
  • 656
    The Battle of the Camel.
  • 657
    Battle of Siffin.
  • Jan 657
    Ali ibn Abi Talib moves his empire's capital to Kufa in Iraq.
  • 661
    Caliph Ali is assassinated by the Kharijites.