First Dynasty of Egypt

Server Costs Fundraiser 2024

Help our mission to provide free history education to the world! Please donate and contribute to covering our server costs in 2024. With your support, millions of people learn about history entirely for free every month.
$3832 / $18000


The kings of the First Dynasty of Egypt (c. 3150 - c. 2890 BCE) all worked toward the same ends: increasing trade, expansion of the kingdom through military campaigns, engaging in building projects (such as monuments, tombs, and temples), and securing central rule of the country. They ruled from the city of Thinis, near Abydos, and from Memphis. The first king, according to Manetho's chronology, was Menes who has come to be identified with the pharaoh once thought to be his successor, Narmer. Narmer united the regions of Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt under central rule initially at Thinis before then building a palace at Memphis and shifting the seat of government to that city. Historian Margaret Bunson writes:

More about: First Dynasty of Egypt


  • c. 3200 BCE - c. 3000 BCE
    Probable dates for creation of Narmer Palette.
  • 3150 BCE - 2613 BCE
    Early Dynastic Period in Egypt. First Kings.
  • c. 3150 BCE - c. 3100 BCE
    Reign of Menes, a.k.a. Narmer, first king who is thought to have unified Upper and Lower Egypt.
  • 3150 BCE - c. 2890 BCE
    First Dynasty in Ancient Egypt.
  • c. 3100 BCE - c. 3050 BCE
    Reign of Hor-Aha.
  • c. 3050 BCE - c. 3000 BCE
    Reign of Djer.
  • c. 3000 BCE - c. 2990 BCE
    Reign of Djet.
  • c. 2990 BCE
    Reign of Merneith, first female ruler of Egypt.
  • c. 2990 BCE - c. 2940 BCE
    Reign of Den, greatest of the First Dynasty Kings.
  • c. 2940 BCE - c. 2930 BCE
    Reign of Anedjib.
  • c. 2930 BCE - c. 2920 BCE
    Reign of Semerkhet.
  • c. 2920 BCE - c. 2890 BCE
    Reign of Qa'a, last pharaoh of the First Dynasty of Egypt.