Eighty Years' War Timeline

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  • 1555
    Philip II of Spain issues his Edict of 1555 outlawing Protestant sects, books, preaching, and meetings in the Netherlands.
  • c. 1555 - 1568
    Religious tensions mount in the Netherlands in response to Philip II's edict and the imposition of the Inquisition.
  • 1566
    Protestants in the Netherlands engage in the Beeldenstorm ("Statue Storm") destroying Catholic iconography.
  • 1567
    The Duke of Alba persecutes Protestants under Philip II's edict; thousands are executed.
  • 1568 - 1648
    The Eighty Years' War in the Netherlands.
  • 1568
    Montmorency and Egmont executed; William the Silent flees to the Holy Roman Empire; War begins.
  • 1609 - 1621
    Twelve Years' Truce; Netherlands becomes a major European power.
  • 1621 - 1648
    Hostilities resume until concluded by the Peace of Westphalia.
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