Eighty Years' War Timeline
Philip II of Spain issues his Edict of 1555 outlawing Protestant sects, books, preaching, and meetings in the Netherlands.
c. 1555 - 1568
Religious tensions mount in the Netherlands in response to Philip II's edict and the imposition of the Inquisition.
Protestants in the Netherlands engage in the Beeldenstorm ("Statue Storm") destroying Catholic iconography.
The Duke of Alba persecutes Protestants under Philip II's edict; thousands are executed.
1568 - 1648
The Eighty Years' War in the Netherlands.
Montmorency and Egmont executed; William the Silent flees to the Holy Roman Empire; War begins.
1609 - 1621
Twelve Years' Truce; Netherlands becomes a major European power.
1621 - 1648
Hostilities resume until concluded by the Peace of Westphalia.