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Cuicuilco is an ancient settlement site in central Mexico, now located in southern Mexico City. Prominent in the late pre-Classic period, around 500 BCE, it is noted for its large circular temple mound, one of the earliest monumental structures in ancient Mesoamerica and influential on many later pyramid monuments built by the Maya and Aztecs amongst others. Buried in several metres of lava and abandoned Cuicuilco remains one of the most enigmatic early urban centres in the Americas.

More about: Cuicuilco


  • c. 500 BCE
    Cuicuilco is at its peak in the Valley of Mexico and constructs a large circular temple pyramid.
  • c. 50 BCE - c. 100 CE
    Cuicuilco in the Valley of Mexico is destroyed by a volcanic eruption.