Charvaka (also given as Carvaka) was a philosophical school of thought, developed in India c. 600 BCE, stressing materialism as the means by which one understands and lives in the world. Materialism holds that perceivable matter is all that exists; concepts such as the soul and any other supernatural entities or planes of existence are simply inventions of imaginative people.

More about: Charvaka


  • c. 600 BCE
    Development of the Charvaka school of philosophy in India.
  • c. 500 CE
    Life of Ajita Kesakambali, prominent member of the Charvaka school.