Caerphilly Castle

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Caerphilly Castle (aka Caerffili), located in South Wales, was first built between 1268 and 1290 CE. The largest medieval castle in Wales, Caerphilly was built with a concentric design by Gilbert de Clare (1243-1295 CE) as a robust defence against Welsh attacks. Restored in the first half of the 20th century CE by the Marquess of Bute, it is famous for its artificial water defences which now make for a picturesque foreground to the mighty round towers and fortified gatehouses of the second largest castle in England and Wales at the time of building. Today, the castle is managed by Cadw and is open to visitors.

More about: Caerphilly Castle


  • 1268
    Construction of Caerphilly Castle in Wales is begun by Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester.