Brundisium (modern Brindisi), located on the Adriatic coast of southern Italy, was a Messapian and then Roman town of great strategic importance throughout antiquity. Although architectural remains are sparse, the city has several claims to fame. Brundisium is the end of the road for the Appian Way, was a traditional launching point for armies and travellers to the East, and played a pivotal role in both the Punic wars and Roman civil wars. Amongst its more impressive artefacts are many examples of Hellenistic and Roman bronze statuary which have been rescued from the town's harbour.

More about: Brundisium


  • 440 BCE
    Brundisium and Thurii form an alliance in southern Italy.
  • 247 BCE
    Hamilcar Barca raids southern Italy and then lands on Sicily during the First Punic War.
  • c. 244 BCE
    The Romans form a colony at Brundisium in southern Italy.
  • 207 BCE
    Hannibal, harassed by Roman forces, is reduced to controlling only Bruttium in southern Italy.
  • 89 BCE
    Sulla awards Brundisium municipium status.
  • 49 BCE
    Julius Caesar captures Brundisium in southern Italy.
  • 40 BCE
    Mark Antony attacks Brundisium in southern Italy.