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Battle of Issus
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Battle of Issus

The Battle of Issus, on 5 November 333 BCE, was Alexander the Great's second battle against the Persian army and the first direct engagement with King Darius III, near the village of Issus in southern modern-day Turkey. It was a major victory...
Pezhetairoi
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Pezhetairoi

The pezhetairoi (foot companions) were part of the imposing army that accompanied the Macedonian commander Alexander the Great (r. 336-323 BCE) when he crossed the Hellespont to face the Persian king Darius III in 334 BCE. Armed with long...
The Battle of Issus - Initial Dispositions
Image by Frank Martini. Cartographer, Department of History, United States Military Academy

The Battle of Issus - Initial Dispositions

The Battle of Issus, Initial dispositions.
The Battle of Issus - The Decisive Moment
Image by Frank Martini. Cartographer, Department of History, United States Military Academy

The Battle of Issus - The Decisive Moment

The Battle of Issus, the decisive moment.
The Battle of Issus - Movements to the Battlefield
Image by Frank Martini. Cartographer, Department of History, United States Military Academy

The Battle of Issus - Movements to the Battlefield

The Battle of Issus, Movements to the battlefield.
Battle of Gaugamela
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Battle of Gaugamela

The Battle of Gaugamela (1st October 331 BCE, also known as the Battle of Arbela) was the final meeting between Alexander the Great of Macedon and King Darius III of Persia. After this victory, Alexander was, without question, the King of...
Hypaspist
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Hypaspist

The hypaspists or hypaspistai were a distinct type of infantry soldier who served as a vital part of the Macedonian armies of both Phillip II of Macedon (r. 359 BCE - 336 BCE) and his son and heir Alexander the Great (r. 336-323 BCE). The...
Battle of the Granicus
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Battle of the Granicus

The Battle of the Granicus in May 334 BCE was Alexander the Great's (356-323 BCE) first major victory against the forces of the Achaemenid Empire. Alexander had crossed the Hellespont with his combined Macedonian and Greek forces and stepped...
Warfare
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Warfare

Warfare is generally understood to be the controlled and systematic waging of armed conflict between sovereign nations or states, using military might and strategy, until one opponent is defeated on the field or sues for peace in the face...
The Army of Alexander the Great
Article by Donald L. Wasson

The Army of Alexander the Great

No military commander in history has ever won a battle by himself. To be successful he needs the support of a well-trained army who will follow him regardless of the cost whether it be a stunning victory or hopeless defeat. One need only...
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