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The Pyramid Texts: Guide to the Afterlife
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

The Pyramid Texts: Guide to the Afterlife

The Pyramid Texts are the oldest religious writings in the world and make up the principal funerary literature of ancient Egypt. They comprise the texts which were inscribed on the sarcophogi and walls of the pyramids at Saqqara in the 5th...
The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt
Videoby Kelly Macquire

The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt

The Great Pyramid of Giza, located in the Giza plateau near the modern Egyptian city of Cairo, is the last surviving of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The pyramid was built over a twenty-year period during the reign of Khufu who...
Pharaoh
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Pharaoh

The Pharaoh in ancient Egypt was the political and religious leader of the people and held the titles 'Lord of the Two Lands' and 'High Priest of Every Temple'. The word 'pharaoh' is the Greek form of the Egyptian pero or per-a-a, which was...
The Giza Pyramid Complex of Ancient Egypt, c. 2600-2500 BCE
Imageby Simeon Netchev

The Giza Pyramid Complex of Ancient Egypt, c. 2600-2500 BCE

An illustration of the layout and relationships of various architectural and geographical elements on the Giza plateau in the region of Memphis (around modern Cairo) during the Old Kingdom of Egypt ("The Age of the Pyramids"). The image also...
Templo Mayor
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Templo Mayor

The Templo Mayor or Great Temple (called Hueteocalli by the Aztecs) dominated the central sacred precinct of the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan. Topped by twin temples dedicated to the war god Huitzilopochtli and the rain god Tlaloc it was a...
Egyptian Obelisk
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Egyptian Obelisk

An obelisk is a stone rectangular pillar with a tapered top forming a pyramidion, set on a base, erected to commemorate an individual or event and honor the gods. The ancient Egyptians created the form at some point in the Early Dynastic...
Ancient Egyptian Religion
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Egyptian Religion

Egyptian religion was a combination of beliefs and practices which, in the modern day, would include Egyptian mythology, science, medicine, psychiatry, magic, spiritualism, herbology, as well as the modern understanding of 'religion' as belief...
A Brief History of Egyptian Art
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

A Brief History of Egyptian Art

Art is an essential aspect of any civilization. Once the basic human needs have been taken care of such as food, shelter, some form of community law, and a religious belief, cultures begin producing artwork, and often all of these developments...
Ancient Egyptian Symbols
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Egyptian Symbols

Religion in ancient Egypt was fully integrated into the people's daily lives. The gods were present at one's birth, throughout one's life, in the transition from earthly life to the eternal, and continued their care for the soul in the afterlife...
Memphis (Ancient Egypt)
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Memphis (Ancient Egypt)

Memphis was one of the oldest and most important cities in ancient Egypt, located at the entrance to the Nile River Valley near the Giza plateau. It served as the capital of ancient Egypt and an important religious cult center. The original...
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