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Ancient Greece
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Greece

Greece is a country in southeastern Europe, known in Greek as Hellas or Ellada, and consisting of a mainland and an archipelago of islands. Ancient Greece is the birthplace of Western philosophy (Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle), literature...
Phaistos Disk
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Phaistos Disk

The Phaistos disk is a fired clay disk, probably of Minoan origin, measuring some 16cm in diameter and impressed on both sides with 242 symbols set in a spiral arrangement. As yet, this unique archaeological find remains an undeciphered enigma...
Minoan Bronze Shield
Imageby Archaeological Museum of Heraklion

Minoan Bronze Shield

Bronze shield, Crete, Geometric period, 8th-7th century BCE. Heraklion Archaeological Museum, Crete. The bronze tympanon/shield found in the Idaean Cave is a votive offering from around the 8th century BCE. It is decorated with a bas-relief...
Minoan Female Figurine
Imageby Liana Miate

Minoan Female Figurine

The figure is wearing a cylindrical skirt and is bringing her arms to her chest. Figurines of this type are known from Minoan shrines and are probably representing the Adorants. From Herakleion district, Crete. Late Minoan II-IIIA1 Period...
Minoan Octopus
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Minoan Octopus

A Minoan octopus, detail from a New-Palace period (1500-1450 BCE) Cretan Clay askos with 'Marine Style' decoration, (Heraklion Archaeological Museum, Crete)
Minoan Lady, Fresco, Akrotiri
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Minoan Lady, Fresco, Akrotiri

A fresco from the House of the Ladies in Akrotiri on the Aegean island of Thera (Santorini), c. 17th century BCE. The several women depicted on the walls of the room wear typical Minoan dress. Above the women is a representation of a starry...
Minoan Bull-leaping Fresco
Imageby Carole Raddato

Minoan Bull-leaping Fresco

Minoan fresco depicting a bull leaping scene, found in Knossos, 1600-1400 BCE. Heraklion Archaeological Museum, Crete.
Minoan Rock-Crystal Vase
Imageby Bernard Gagnon

Minoan Rock-Crystal Vase

A Minoan vase carved from rock-crystal, from Zakros on Crete, c. 1450 BCE. The collar includes gilded ivory discs and the handle is made from rock-crystal beads strung on bronze wire. The vessel was probably used to pour liquids in religious...
Minoan Vase
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Minoan Vase

Late Minoan polychrome vase, mid-15th century BCE, from Isopata. (Archaeological Museum, Heraklion)
Minoan Religious Procession on Hagia Triada Sarcophagus
Imageby ArchaiOptix

Minoan Religious Procession on Hagia Triada Sarcophagus

Minoan limestone sarcophagus, c. 1400 BCE. Heraklion Archaeological Museum, Crete. This painting appears on one of the two longer sides of the sarcophagus. It shows a sacrificial procession, part of a funerary ritual, with a woman...
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