Two Accounts of Zwingli's Death
Huldrych Zwingli (l. 1484-1531) died in the second of the Kappel Wars in 1531, a conflict between Catholic and Protestant forces. Afterwards, two accounts of his death emerged – one Catholic and one Protestant – differing in detail and notable...
Passing of Philosophy to Religion: The Death of Hypatia
The death of the philosopher Hypatia of Alexandria (l. c. 370-415 CE) has long been considered the "passage of philosophy to religion", exemplifying the transition from the pagan values of antiquity to those of the new religion of Christianity...
Ancient Mesopotamian Beliefs in the Afterlife
Unlike the rich corpus of ancient Egyptian funerary texts, no such “guidebooks” from Mesopotamia detail the afterlife and the soul's fate after death. Instead, ancient Mesopotamian views of the afterlife must be pieced together...
The Triumph of Death
"The Triumph of Death" (Dutch: "De triomf van de Doods") is a painting by Dutch artist Pieter Bruegel the Elder (c. 1525-1569 CE). Oil on panel. Made c. 1562 CE. 117 cm × 162 cm (46 in × 63.8 in). (Museo del Prado, Madrid)
Spread of the Black Death
A map illustrating the spread of the Black Death plague from its origins in central Asia to western and then central Europe, 1347-1352 CE.
Tournai Citizens Burying the Dead during the Black Death
The citizens of Tournai, Belgium, burying the dead during the Black Death of 1347-52 CE.
The Black Death of Medieval Europe and Their Cures
The Black Death was a truly devastating plague that ravaged Medieval Europe between 1347 and 1352, killing somewhere between twenty-five and thirty million people. The bubonic plague causes swelling of lymph nodes in the groin and the armpits...
Persecution of Jews during the Black Death
Medieval manuscript Gilles Li Muisis, c. 1350 CE MS 13076-77, fol. 12v Bibliothèque Royale de Belgique.
Triumph of Death, Fresco
Fresco from the Palazzo Sclafani (Palermo), c. 1446 CE, now in the Galleria Regionale della Sicilia.
Reactions to Plague in the Ancient & Medieval World
Throughout history, epidemics and pandemics of plague and other diseases have caused widespread panic and social disorder even, in some instances, when the people of one region were aware of a pervasive infection elsewhere. In the case of...