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Maurice Ravel
Definition

Maurice Ravel

Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) was a French composer of classical music best known for his innovative piano pieces and orchestral works like Bolero and Daphnis...
Historical Fiction of Mesopotamia
Collection

Historical Fiction of Mesopotamia

Historical fiction is frequently dated to works including the Iliad of Homer (8th century BCE) or The Tale of Genji (11th century CE) or, in English...
Norse-Viking Culture
Collection

Norse-Viking Culture

Norse-Viking culture is frequently misrepresented in popular media which emphasizes the rugged, militaristic aspect of the people. In reality, Norse...
Michel de L'Hospital
Definition

Michel de L'Hospital

Michel de L'Hospital (also known as L'Hôpital, c. 1505-1573) was a French statesman who served during the reigns of four kings – Francis I, Henry II...
Saratoga Campaign
Article

Saratoga Campaign

The Saratoga Campaign (20 June to 17 October 1777) was one of the most important military campaigns of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), in...
The Idea of the Sublime in the Enlightenment
Article

The Idea of the Sublime in the Enlightenment

During the European Enlightenment, a concept was developed in philosophy and aesthetics called the sublime. In the arts, literature, and the works of...
The Rise of the Holy Roman Empire in 4 Maps
Image Gallery

The Rise of the Holy Roman Empire in 4 Maps

In this gallery of four maps we chart the rise and expansion of the Holy Roman Empire, a pivotal period in European history following the decline of...
The Wise Man of Chief Mountain
Article

The Wise Man of Chief Mountain

The Wise Man of Chief Mountain is an origin story of the Blackfeet nation explaining how they came to wear brightly colored clothing. Although Native...
Dmitri Shostakovich
Definition

Dmitri Shostakovich

Dmitri Shostakovich (1906-1975) was a Russian composer of operas, ballets, concertos, string quartets, and 15 symphonies. Shostakovich was frequently...
Men of the Protestant Reformation
Collection

Men of the Protestant Reformation

The men who initiated and advanced the vision of the Protestant Reformation (1517-1648) did not set out, at first, to challenge the authority of the...
Red Cloud's War
Definition

Red Cloud's War

Red Cloud's War (1866-1868) was a conflict between the Lakota Sioux-Cheyenne-Arapaho alliance and the US government over the westward expansion of the...
Mark Antony's Parthian Campaign
Article

Mark Antony's Parthian Campaign

In 36 BCE, Mark Antony (83-30 BCE) invaded Parthia, hoping to render himself one of the great conquerors of the Greco-Roman world, but he was stymied...
Women of the Protestant Reformation
Collection

Women of the Protestant Reformation

The contributions of women to the Protestant Reformation (1517-1648) were frequently marginalized in the past but have gained wider recognition in the...
Urdubegis
Definition

Urdubegis

The urdubegis were a group of female warriors in the Mughal Empire, who protected the zenana, the harem of the emperor. Although the origins of female...
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