Chinese Relief-Carved Ewer
This lovely relief-carved ewer comes from China's Shaanxi province and the Yaozhou kilns. It was made during the Five Dynasties Era (c. 907-960 CE). (Museum Rietberg, Zürich).
The Five Gifts of Hathor: Gratitude in Ancient Egypt
The central cultural value of ancient Egypt was ma'at – harmony and balance – which maintained the order of the universe and the lives of the people. Keeping balance in one's life encouraged the same in one's family and, by extension...
The Five Great Kings of Egypt's Early Dynastic Period
Egypt's Early Dynastic Period (3150-2613 BCE) lay the foundation of what would become one of the most impressive civilizations of the ancient world. The kings of this era, except for Narmer and Djoser, are often overlooked but were responsible...
Five Key Historical Sites of the Hittites
Although mentioned several times in the Biblical texts, the actual existence of the Hittites was largely forgotten until the late 19th century CE. With the discovery of Hattusa in 1834 CE, the city that was for many years the capital of the...
Fragment of Euclid's Elements
A fragment of the second book of the Elements of Euclid in Greek, discovered in 1897 at Oxyrhynchus, Egypt.
First English version of Euclid's Elements, 1570
Title page of Sir Henry Billingsley's first English version of Euclid's Elements, 1570.
The Four Elements
The Four Elements. Painting by Mana Lesman. Used with the permission of the artist.
Architectural Elements of the Parthenon
An illustration showing the principal architectural features of the Parthenon (447-432 BCE). The left side (A) illustrates the facade, the right side (B) illustrates the inner cella.
Elements of a Medieval Great Sword
A diagram illustrating the various components of a medieval Great Sword and scabbard, the typical weapon of knights.
Egyptian Gods - The Complete List
The gods and goddesses of Ancient Egypt were an integral part of the people's everyday lives. It is not surprising then that there were over 2,000 deities in the Egyptian pantheon. Some of these deities' names are well known: Isis, Osiris...