Roman Votive Male Torso, from Isola Farnese
Ancient Romans often dedicated votive objects to specific gods associated with healing in the hopes of recovery. These objects were in the form or representation of the affected body part and would be left at the temple of a god. This...
Roman Military Hospital, Novae
The Roman military hospital (or Valetudinarium) in Novae, Bulgaria. Novae was the site of an important Roman fortress along the Danubian border. Like other major Roman fortresses along the borders of the Roman Empire, this fort had its own...
Egyptian Medical Instruments
A relief from the Temple of Kom Ombo depicting various Egyptian medical instruments. Ptolemaic Period.
Ancient Mesopotamian Pharmacist Prepares Elixir
An Arab folio on which is depicted a pharmacist preparing an elixir. From the manuscript of the De Materia Medica by Dioscorides, 1st century CE. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Mandrake (Mandragora officinarum), scanned from 15th century manuscript Tacuinum Sanitatis.
Knife & Leg Relief, Temple of Edfu
A detail of a relief at the Temple of Edfu, Egypt showing a knife and leg. Ptolemaic Period.
Papyrus Chester Beatty VI
Dated to the New Kingdom (c. 1570 - c. 1069 BCE), and specifically to c. 1200 BCE, the text is written in demotic script and is the oldest treatise on anorectal disease (affecting the anus and rectum) in history.
This plaque was used for protection against Lamashtu, a female demon or goddess who would imperil women during childbirth and even kidnap babies while breastfeeding. Neo-Assyrian, 10th-7th century BCE. Musee du Louvre, Paris
Reconstruction of Asclepeion of Epidaurus
A reconstruction of the Temple of Asclepius in Epidaurus. Illustration by Julia Lillo.
Doctor's Medical Recipe from Babylon
Recipes involving plant and vegetable drugs were written on this clay tablet, but the purpose was not mentioned. Unlike many medical documents, it is a doctor's working copy rather than a library reference work. Probably from Babylon, Mesopotamia...