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Gynaecological Instrument
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Gynaecological Instrument

A bronze gynaecological instrument, Roman, 1st century CE. (Archaeological Museum of Como, Italy)
Skull with Trephination
Imageby Jmh649

Skull with Trephination

A Neolithic (3500 BCE) skull showing evidence of a trephination operation - the removal of a part of the cranium to relieve pressure, used as a medical treatment for a variety of ailments from migraines to mental illness. The treatment was...
Prosthetic Toe of Painted Cartonnage
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Prosthetic Toe of Painted Cartonnage

This false toe was found attached to the foot of a mummy, and is an early example of the use of prosthetics in the ancient world. From Egypt. Third Intermediate Peridod, 1070-664 BCE. (The British Museum, London)
A Mesopotamian Tablet with Gynaecological Recipe Against Miscarriage
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

A Mesopotamian Tablet with Gynaecological Recipe Against Miscarriage

A medical recipe was written on this clay tablet to prevent miscarriage. It recommends that a women should wear for 3 days a particular species of dried edible mouse which has been stuffed with myrrh. Probably from Babylon, Mesopotamia, Iraq...
Cartonnage Mummy Case & Skeleton of a Child with a Rare Bone Disease
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Cartonnage Mummy Case & Skeleton of a Child with a Rare Bone Disease

The child suffered from a disease called osteogenesis imperfecta (brittle bone disease). His skull and part of his skeleton are on the left side of the cartonnage. The remains of this infant constitute the best preserved instance of the condition...
Egyptian Doctor
Imageby Liana Miate

Egyptian Doctor

Statue of a man. 12th Dynasty, about 1911-1870 BCE. Deir el-Bersheh, Egypt. The British Museum, (photo taken at The Powerhouse Museum, Sydney, Australia) This figure, with its short wig and long kilt, is thought to depict one of the earliest...
Fractured Femur of an Egyptian Mummy
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Fractured Femur of an Egyptian Mummy

This right femoral bone shows evidence of malunion and misalignment of a healed fractured. From Abydos, Egypt. Late Period, after 664 BCE. (The British Museum, London)
Arthritis of a Knee Joint of a Mummy
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Arthritis of a Knee Joint of a Mummy

The left femur and tibial bones of this elderly man show evidence of arthritis at the knee joint. From tomb 36, Gabati, Sudan. Meroitic period or later, circa 300 BCE. (Th British Museum, London)
A Mesopotamian Tablet with Gynaecological Treatments
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

A Mesopotamian Tablet with Gynaecological Treatments

Recipes were written in cuneiform inscriptions. They concern conditions such as infertility and pregnancy. Probably from Babylon, Mesopotamia, Iraq. Circa 600-400 BCE. (The British Museum, London)
Magic and Medicine: The casebooks of history's most notorious astrologer doctors
Videoby Cambridge University

Magic and Medicine: The casebooks of history's most notorious astrologer doctors

A ten-year project to study and digitise some 80,000 cases recorded by two famous astrological physicians has opened a wormhole into the everyday worries and desires of people who lived 400 years ago.