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Roman Military Hospital, Novae
Imageby Janusz Recław

Roman Military Hospital, Novae

The Roman military hospital (or Valetudinarium) in Novae, Bulgaria. Novae was the site of an important Roman fortress along the Danubian border. Like other major Roman fortresses along the borders of the Roman Empire, this fort had its own...
Portrait of Seven Notable Greek Physicians & Botanists
Imageby Lewenstein

Portrait of Seven Notable Greek Physicians & Botanists

An illustration of seven noted physicians and botanists from ancient Greece in the Vienna Dioscurides(aka the Juliana Anicia Codex), a 6th Century CE Byzantine manuscript of De Materia Medica by Dioscurides (c. 40 - 90 CE). The illustration...
Achilles Tending to Patroclus
Imageby ArchaiOptix

Achilles Tending to Patroclus

Red-figure kylix depicting the hero Achilles tending to the wounds of Patroclus, who was wounded by an arrow. Attributed to the Sosias Painter. c. 500 BCE. 32.1 cm (12.2 in) in diameter. Vulci, Italy. (Altes Museum)
Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus
Imageby Francis Llewellyn Griffith

Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus

The Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus (c. 1800 BCE) deals with conception and pregnancy issues as well as contraception. It is kept in the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology.
Egyptian Medical Instruments
Imageby Jeff Dahl

Egyptian Medical Instruments

A relief from the Temple of Kom Ombo depicting various Egyptian medical instruments. Ptolemaic Period.
Egyptian Woman Giving Birth
Imageby Rémih

Egyptian Woman Giving Birth

A relief from the Temple of Kom Ombo of a woman sitting on a birthing stool. Ptolemaic Period.
Knife & Leg Relief, Temple of Edfu
Imageby Rémih

Knife & Leg Relief, Temple of Edfu

A detail of a relief at the Temple of Edfu, Egypt showing a knife and leg. Ptolemaic Period.
Lamashtu Plaque
Imageby Rama

Lamashtu Plaque

This plaque was used for protection against Lamashtu, a female demon or goddess who would imperil women during childbirth and even kidnap babies while breastfeeding. Neo-Assyrian, 10th-7th century BCE. Musee du Louvre, Paris
Ancient Mesopotamian Pharmacist Prepares Elixir
Imageby Marie-Lan Nguyen

Ancient Mesopotamian Pharmacist Prepares Elixir

An Arab folio on which is depicted a pharmacist preparing an elixir. From the manuscript of the De Materia Medica by Dioscorides, 1st century CE. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Roman Votive Male Torso, from Isola Farnese
Imageby Science Museum

Roman Votive Male Torso, from Isola Farnese

Ancient Romans often dedicated votive objects to specific gods associated with healing in the hopes of recovery. These objects were in the form or representation of the affected body part and would be left at the temple of a god. This...