Oda Nobunaga was the foremost military leader of Japan from 1568 to 1582. Nobunaga, along with his two immediate successors, Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1537-1598) and Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616), is credited with unifying medieval Japan in the second...
The Nara Period (Nara Jidai) of ancient Japan (710-794 CE), so called because for most of that time the capital was located at Nara, then known as Heijokyo, was a short period of transition prior to the significant Heian Period. Despite the...
The Asuka Period (Asuka Jidai) of ancient Japan covers the period from 538 CE to 710 CE and, following on from the Kofun Period (c. 250-538 CE), so constitutes the latter part of the Yamato Period (c. 250-710 CE). For some scholars the period...
A marble bust of Pyrrhus, King of Epirus (r. 306 - 302 BCE and 297 - 272 BCE). Pyrrhus is considered one of history's greatest military commanders. (National Archaeological Museum, Naples)
Achaean League c. 150 BCE
The Achaean League was a Hellenistic period confederation of Greek city states on the northern and central Peloponnese between 280 BCE and 146 BCE.
Alexander the Great (Facial Reconstruction)
A photorealistic representation of Alexander the Great (r. 336-323 BCE) as he may have appeared in life. This reconstruction is based on archaeological evidence including busts, coin portraits and statuary, as well as descriptions of Alexander...
Satrapies in the Macedonian Empire
A map showing the distribution of satrapies in the Macedonian empire after the Settlement in Babylon summer/fall 323 BC.
The Empire of Alexander the Great
A map showing the Empire of Alexander the Great, his conquests, and the routes he took (334 BC - 323 BC). Major cities, roads, and battles are indicated.
A Roman gold medallion depicting Olympias, mother of Alexander the Great. Early 3rd century CE. (Walters Art Museum).
Alexander the Great, Macedonian Silver Tetradrachm
Silver tetradrachm from the reign of Alexander the Great, 336-323 BCE. O: Head of Hercules. R: Zeus seated on a throne holding an eagle.