Scipio Africanus the Elder
Scipio Africanus Major (l. 236-183 BCE) received his epithet due to his military victories in Africa which won the Second Punic War for Rome against Carthage. He is also known as Scipio the Elder. He was born Publius Cornelius Scipio in 236...
A scene depicting the Greek phalanx composed of heavily armed hoplite warriors.
Battle of Actium 31 BCE
The positions of Octavian and Mark Antony at the Battle of Actium in 31 BCE.
Fall of Rome
Here you will find a 5-minute podcast explaining in simple terms why Rome fell, a short text to fill in and a diagram to complete based on that podcast. The transcript and answer keys are all included.You also have a choice of two wrap-up...
Imagining the Amazons: Women Warriors in Greco-Roman Art
Amazon warriors frequently appeared in the art, literature, and mythology of the ancient Greeks and Romans. The idea of a female warrior society existing on the fringes of civilization continues to capture the imagination of modern generations...
Greek Hoplites Fighting
Frieze of Greek hoplites fighting, from Nereid Monument at Xanthos in Lycia, ca. 390–380 BCE. On display at the British Museum, London.
Medieval Army Approaching a City Under Siege
Artist's depiction of a Medieval army approaching a city under siege. From the game Old World.
Reconstruction of the Rampart of the Circumvallation, Alesia
Reconstruction of the rampart of the circumvallation at Alesia (France). The rampart consisted of a terrace (agger) surmounted by a parapet and towers. The terrace was built up with packed earth extracted from trenches. It was protected...
Roman Cavalryman Reconstruction
A reconstruction model of a Roman cavalryman and horse. A helmet with moveable cheek-pieces, metal armour, long sword and lance were the typical equipment of Roman cavalry members. (Roman Museum Canterbury, UK).
Military Harbour of Carthage
Launching ramp for ships at the old Punic port. The Carthaginians developed high skills in the building of ships and used this to dominate the seas for centuries. According to Roman historians the shipyards of the military harbour at Carthage...