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Wampanoag Confederacy
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Wampanoag Confederacy

The Wampanoag Confederacy was a coalition of over 30 Algonquian-speaking Native American tribes who lived in the region of modern-day New England, specifically from Rhode Island down through Massachusetts and parts of Connecticut. They are...
Massasoit
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Massasoit

Massasoit (l. c. 1581-1661 CE) was the sachem (chief) of the Wampanoag Confederacy of modern-day New England, USA. Massasoit (also given as Massasoyt) is a title meaning Great Sachem; his given name was Ousamequin of the Pokanoket tribe of...
King Philip's War
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

King Philip's War

King Philip’s War (also known as Metacom’s War, 1675-1678) was a conflict in New England between a coalition of Native American tribes organized under the command of Metacom (also known as King Philip, l. 1638-1676), chief of the Wampanoag...
King Philip (Metacom)
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

King Philip (Metacom)

Metacomet (also known as King Philip and Metacom, l. 1638-1676) was chief of the Wampanoag Confederacy between 1662-1676, best known as the leader of Native American forces during the conflict known as King Philip’s War (1675-1678) during...
Pilgrim-Wampanoag Peace Treaty
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Pilgrim-Wampanoag Peace Treaty

The Pilgrim-Wampanoag Peace Treaty is the document drafted and signed on 22 March 1621 CE between governor John Carver (l. 1584-1621 CE) of the Plymouth Colony and the sachem (chief) Ousamequin (better known by his title Massasoit, l. c...
Powhatan Confederacy
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Powhatan Confederacy

The Powhatan Confederacy (c. 1570-1646 or 1677) was a political, social, and martial entity of over 30 Algonquian-speaking Native American tribes of the region of modern-day Virginia, Maryland, and part of North Carolina, USA formed under...
Hobbamock
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Hobbamock

Hobbamock (d. c. 1643 CE, also given as Hobbamok and Hobomok) was a Native American of the Pokanoket tribe who served the sachem Massasoit (l. c. 1581-1661 CE) of the Wampanoag Confederacy as a pniese (counselor and elite warrior). After...
Plymouth Colony
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Plymouth Colony

The Plymouth Colony (1620-1691 CE) was the first English settlement in the region of modern-day New England in the United States, settled by the religious separatists known as the “pilgrims” who crossed the Atlantic Ocean on the...
Squanto
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Squanto

Squanto (l. c. 1585-1622 CE) was the Native American of the Patuxet tribe who helped the English settlers of Plymouth Colony (later known as pilgrims) survive in their new home by teaching them how to plant crops, fish, and hunt. He is also...
Squanto in the Primary Sources
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Squanto in the Primary Sources

Squanto (l. c. 1585-1622 CE) is the best-known Native American of the pilgrim narrative, famous for helping the Plymouth Colony survive in 1621 CE. He makes up what scholar Charles C. Mann calls the “uneasy triumvirate” of Native Americans...