Roman warfare was remarkably successful over many centuries and across many territories. This was due to several important factors. Italy was a peninsula not easily attacked, there was a huge pool of fighting men to draw upon, a disciplined...
Ctesiphon was an ancient city and trade center on the east bank of the Tigris River founded during the reign of Mithridates I (the Great, 171-132 BCE). It is best known in the modern day for the single-span arch, Taq Kasra, which is the most...
Roman sculpture blended the idealised perfection of Classical Greek sculpture with a greater aspiration for realism. It also absorbed artistic preferences and styles from the East to create images in stone and bronze which rank among the...
Leptis Magna (aka Lepcis Magna), located in western Libya, North Africa, was a Phoenician city founded by Tyre in the 7th century BCE. Continuing to be a major city in the Roman period, it was the birthplace of Emperor Septimius Severus (r...
Arch of San Damiano in Carsulae, Italy
The Arch of San Damiano was the northern gate to the city of Carsulae (Italy). It was built under Augustus between 27 BCE and 14 CE at the same time as the Via Flaminia was repaved. The Arch of San Damiano originally consisted of three arched...
Roman Arches (General) - Ancient Rome Live (AIRC)
The arch is one of the most quintessential features of Roman architecture. It appears in aqueduct arcades, bridges, and many monumental structures like free-standing amphitheaters, stadiums, etc. Although the Romans didn’t create the arch...
Dacian Prisoners, Arch of Constantine
Detail View - Dacian prisoners, North Façade Reliefs of Arch of Constantine, Rome, Italy. The arch celebrates the triumph of the emperor Constantine over Maxentius, which took place on October 28, 312 CE, following the victorious battle at...
East Short Side of Arch of Constantine
East Short Side of Arch of Constantine, Rome, Italy. The arch celebrates the triumph of the emperor Constantine over Maxentius, which took place on October 28, 312 CE, following the victorious battle at the Milvian Bridge.
Monumental Arch, Glanum
The triumphal arch at Glanum, southern France. The monument was built in the early 1st century CE, perhaps to commemorate the city's new status as a Roman colony. The top third is now missing but figures remain which depict enslaved Gauls.
Uxmal, in north-west Yucatán, Mexico, was an important Maya city which flourished between the 6th and 10th centuries CE. The city, following an extensive restoration programme, is the best preserved of all Maya sites, and it possesses...