Carthaginian warfare has been overshadowed by defeat to Rome in the Punic Wars, but for six centuries before that Carthage was remarkably successful in conquering lucrative territories in North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, and Sicily. By...
An artist's impression of what a fleet of Greek warships may have looked like.
The Persian Wars refers to the conflict between Greece and Persia in the 5th century BCE which involved two invasions by the latter in 490 and 480 BCE. Several of the most famous and significant battles in history were fought during the...
Greek Harbour Scene
Artist's impression of how a harbour scene in ancient Greece may have looked.
Greek Ship's Anchor
A stone anchor from a Greek sailing vessel, Piraeus. (Archaeological Museum, Piraeus)
The First Punic War - Part 3
The battle for Sicily rages on as titanic fleets face off! The naval arms race escalates, culminating in one of the largest naval battles in history! Part 1 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HOk6ppoQrkw Part 2 - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K2Qdf75r_3I...
Samos is a Greek island in the east Aegean, just off the coast of modern-day Turkey. It particularly flourished in the 6th century BCE and was famous in antiquity for its navy, wine, and important sanctuary to Hera. Samos was an active member...
The Delian League, Part 2: From Eurymedon to the Thirty Years Peace (465/4-445/4 BCE)
This text is part of an article series on the Delian League. The second phase of the Delian League's operations begins with the Hellenic victory over Mede forces at Eurymedon and ends with the Thirty Years Peace between Athens and Sparta...
The Battle of Cynossema
The battle of Cynossema, in 411 BCE, was an Athenian victory during the final years of the Peloponnesian War. It marked the resilience of the renowned Athenian democratic system after their major defeats in Sicily and also after a small civil...
Xerxes I (l. 519-465, r. 486-465 BCE), also known as Xerxes the Great, was the king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. His official title was Shahanshah which, though usually translated as `emperor', actually means `king of kings'. He is identified...