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Parthian Warfare
Definitionby Patrick Scott Smith, M. A.

Parthian Warfare

Parthian warfare was characterized by the extensive use of cavalry and archers. Coming at enemy troops from all directions Parthian riders created confusion and wreaked havoc. They even developed the famous “Parthian shot.” Able to shoot...
Artemisia of Caria
Imageby Warner Bros. & Legendary Pictures

Artemisia of Caria

Artemisia I of Caria as depicted in the fictional Hollywood movie 300: Rise of an Empire, played by Eva Green. This depiction is a modern cinematic representation of the character and does not reflect the historical Artemisia. This...
Roman Naval Warfare
Imageby CA

Roman Naval Warfare

A scene depicting Roman naval ships in battle.
Artaxerxes I
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Artaxerxes I

Artaxerxes I (r. 465-424 BCE) was the sixth monarch of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. He was the son of Xerxes I (r. 486-465 BCE) and his principal wife Amestris (d. 424 BCE) and grandson of Darius I (the Great, r. 522-486 BCE). He continued...
Ancient Rome Teaching Resource Bundle
Teaching Bundleby Marion Wadowski

Ancient Rome Teaching Resource Bundle

This Ancient Rome Teaching Resource Bundle is a collection of teaching resources that can be downloaded for free – no registration required. Our teaching resources and lesson plans are adapted to students' different levels of ability...
Sacred Band of Thebes
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Sacred Band of Thebes

The Sacred Band of Thebes was an elite unit of the Theban army comprised of 150 gay male couples totaling 300 men. They were formed under the leadership of Gorgidas but first achieved fame under the general Pelopidas. They remained invincible...
Greek Hoplite
Imageby Johnny Shumate

Greek Hoplite

Modern illustration of a 4th century BCE Greek hoplite.
Darius I
Definitionby Radu Cristian

Darius I

Darius I (l. c. 550-486 BCE, r. 522-486 BCE), also known as Darius the Great, was the third Persian King of the Achaemenid Empire. His reign lasted 36 years, from 522 to 486 BCE; during this time the Persian Empire reached its peak. Darius...
Parthia (Empire)
Definitionby Patrick Scott Smith, M. A.

Parthia (Empire)

The Parthians ruled from 247 BCE to 224 CE creating a vast empire that stretched from the Mediterranean in the west to India and China in the east. East of the Caspian Sea there emerged from the steppe of Central Asia a nomadic Scythian tribe...
Hannibal
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Hannibal

Hannibal (also known as Hannibal Barca, l. 247-183 BCE) was a Carthaginian general during the Second Punic War between Carthage and Rome (218-202 BCE). He is considered one of the greatest generals of antiquity and his tactics are still studied...