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Yaxchilan, Structure 33
Imageby Dennis Jarvis

Yaxchilan, Structure 33

Structure 33 at the Maya site of Yaxchilan, Mexico. The building has the typical ornate roof comb of Petén architecture and was built c. 750 CE.
Ghosts in the Ancient World
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ghosts in the Ancient World

A belief in an afterlife was central to every major civilization of the ancient world and this encouraged the recognition of the reality of ghosts as the spirits of the departed who, for one reason or another, either returned from the realm...
Reconstruction of Seven Ancient Archaeological Sites
Image Galleryby Arienne King

Reconstruction of Seven Ancient Archaeological Sites

This gallery includes seven digital reconstructions of ancient monuments around the world, from Rome to and Mexico. They depict what these monuments may have looked like when they are created, by overlaying digital images on top of the existing...
Wall
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Wall

The English word 'wall' is derived from the Latin, vallus meaning 'a stake' or 'post' and designated the wood-stake and earth palisade which formed the outer edge of a fortification. The palisades were in use early on and are mentioned by...
The Inca Road System
Articleby Mark Cartwright

The Inca Road System

The Inca road system formed a network known as the royal highway or qhapaq ñan, which became an invaluable part of the Inca empire. Roads facilitated the movement of armies, people, and goods across plains, deserts and mountains. They connected...
The Maya Calendar, Culture and History: an Introduction to a Mesoamerican Civilization
Videoby Kelly Macquire

The Maya Calendar, Culture and History: an Introduction to a Mesoamerican Civilization

The Maya are a people indigenous to Mexico and Central America who have continuously inhabited the modern regions of Yucatan, Quintana Roo, Campeche, Tabasco, and Chiapas in Mexico and southward through Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador and...
Carved Lintel, Yaxchilan
Imageby Dennis Jarvis

Carved Lintel, Yaxchilan

Lintel 14, from Yaxchilan. The relief carving depicts Lord and Lady Great Skull and a ritual-induced vision of a snake creature. 8th century CE.
Mycenae
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Mycenae

Mycenae was a fortified late Bronze Age city located between two hills on the Argolid plain of the Peloponnese, Greece. The acropolis today dates from between the 14th and 13th century BCE when the Mycenaean civilization was at its peak of...
Tiwanaku
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Tiwanaku

Tiwanaku (or Tiahuanaco) was the capital of the Tiwanaku empire between c. 200 - 1000 CE and is situated in the Titicaca basin. At an altitude of 3,850 metres (12,600 ft) it was the highest city in the ancient world and had a peak population...
Tiryns
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Tiryns

Located on the fertile Argolid plain, Tiryns lies between Nafplion and Argos in the eastern Peloponnese in Greece. The site has been inhabited since the Neolithic Age (7th-4th millennium BCE) but reached its greatest period of importance...