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Carnac Stones
Imageby Nicolas Raymond

Carnac Stones

Stone megaliths at Carnac, Brittany, France.
Granite Menhirs, Carnac
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Granite Menhirs, Carnac

A section of the Carnac Alignments in north-west France. These granite stone menhirs were placed in long parallel lines sometime between 5,000 and 3,000 BCE. Their purpose was most likely as markers of processional ways and sacred places...
Large Menhir, Carnac Alignments
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Large Menhir, Carnac Alignments

A section of the Carnac Alignments in north-west France. These granite stone menhirs were placed in long parallel lines sometime between 5,000 and 3,000 BCE. Their purpose was most likely as markers of processional ways and sacred places...
Lime Plaster Statue from Ain Al-Ghazal
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Lime Plaster Statue from Ain Al-Ghazal

This extraordinary statue is one of the earliest large-scale representations of the human form. It was found as part of a cache of up to 25 statues buried in a pit under the floor of an abandoned house. All of these statues have naturalistically...
Ancient Egyptian Science & Technology
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Egyptian Science & Technology

The great temples and monuments of ancient Egypt continue to fascinate and amaze people in the modern day. The sheer size and scope of structures like the Great Pyramid at Giza or the Temple of Amun at Karnak or the Colossi of Memnon are...
Sumerians
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Sumerians

The Sumerians were the people of southern Mesopotamia whose civilization flourished between c. 4100-1750 BCE. Their name comes from the region which is frequently – and incorrectly – referred to as a “country”. Sumer was never a cohesive...
Inca Food & Agriculture
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Inca Food & Agriculture

The Inca empire controlled four climate zones and, consequently, their agricultural produce was diverse. Ancient Andean people were largely vegetarian, supplementing their diet with camelid meat and seafood if they could. The Incas developed...
Confucianism
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Confucianism

Confucianism is a philosophy developed in 6th-century BCE China, which is considered by some a secular-humanist belief system, by some a religion, and by others a social code. The broad range of subjects touched on by Confucianism lends itself...
Alexander the Great
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Alexander the Great

Alexander III of Macedon, better known as Alexander the Great (l. 21 July 356 BCE – 10 or 11 June 323 BCE, r. 336-323 BCE), was the son of King Philip II of Macedon (r. 359-336 BCE) who became king upon his father's death in 336 BCE and then...
Maya Writing
Articleby Mark Cartwright

Maya Writing

The Maya hieroglyphic writing system was a sophisticated combination of pictographs directly representing objects and ideograms (glyphs) expressing more abstract concepts such as actions, ideas and syllabic sounds. Maya writing has survived...